What’s the difference between smuggling and human trafficking? They both involve the movement of people, but there are three crucial differences
Smuggling or trafficking?
There are three crucial differences: location, consent and exploitation.
– Smuggling crosses international borders.
– Trafficking can happen across international borders, or within one country. It can involve movement between cities, towns, rural locations, or even from one street to the next.
– Smuggling is a service a person asks for. It might be dangerous, but that person chooses to take on the journey.
– Trafficking involves either forcing a person to travel, or deceiving a person into taking on a journey under false promises of jobs, payment or safety at the end of that journey
– Smuggling is limited to one financial transaction in exchange for illegal entry to a country. Once the payment and border crossing is complete, the exchange ends, and the person is free to make other choices.
– Trafficking uses threat, force, coercion or deception against a person for the purpose of exploitation. A trafficked person can be exploited at the final destination and/or during the journey.