European Union

Trafficking in human beings in EU

TRENDS AND CHALLENGES IN ADDRESSING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS IN THE EU

The trends in the statistical data for the period 2013-2014
– In total there were 15 846 ‘registered victims’ (both identified and presumed) of trafficking in the EU.
– Trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation is still the most widespread form (67 % of registered victims), followed by labour exploitation (21 % of registered victims). The
other 12% were registered as victims of trafficking for other forms of exploitation.
– Over three quarters of the registered victims were women (76 %).
– At least 15% of the registered victims were children.
65% of registered victims were EU citizens.
-The top five EU countries of citizenship for registered victims in 2013-2014 were Romania, Bulgaria, the Netherlands, Hungary, and Poland. These are the same countries as for the years 2010-2012.
-The top five non-EU countries of citizenship were Nigeria, China, Albania, Vietnam and Morocco.
6 324 people had formal contact with the police or the criminal justice system in connection with the crime of trafficking in human beings.
– In total, 4 079 prosecutions and 3 129 convictions for trafficking in human beings were reported in the EU.

Report on the progress made in the fight against trafficking in human beings
Brussels, 19.5.2016

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OTC markets in Europe

When the Markets of Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) came into force in 2007,  there was a concern that a rising proportion of European equity trading would move  to over-the-counter (OTC) markets. More than two years later, this does not seem to have materialised.

In 2009, the European market share of OTC equities trading amounted  to 37.4%, down from 38.2% in 2008, with Germany displaying the highest share in 2009  at 44.2% and the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries the lowest one at 15.8% .

Source: CESR 2009 Report