This 2018 edition of the annual TESAT report issued by EUROPOL provides an overview of the nature and volume of terrorism that the EU faced in 2017.
“The human suffering and the threat of terrorist attacks still remains high in Europe. In 2017 European countries were again hit by terrorist attacks and there were many innocent victims of this indiscriminate violence. It therefore goes without saying that combatting terrorism remains a top priority for Europol.”
In 2017 a total of 205 foiled, failed and completed terrorist attacks were reported by nine EU Member States. The United Kingdom (UK) experienced the highest number of attacks (107, out of which 88 attacks reported by the UK were acts of security-related incidents in Northern Ireland), followed by France (54), Spain (16), Italy (14), and Greece (8). Belgium and Germany reported 2 attacks each; Finland and Sweden noted 1 attack each. Spain, Finland and Sweden reported on jihadist terrorist attacks after a long period of having been unaffected by this phenomenon. In 2017, 68 victims died as a result of terrorist attacks and 844 people were injured. Similarly to 2016, nearly all reported fatalities and casualties were the result of jihadist terrorist attacks.
In recent years there has been an increase in the frequency of jihadist attacks, but a decrease in the sophistication of their preparation and execution. Jihadist attacks, however, cause more deaths and casualties than any other terrorist attacks.
In 2017 a total of 1219 individuals were arrested in the EU for terrorism-related offences. 18 EU Member States reported arrests of suspects. Similarly
to 2016, the overall number of arrested persons remained highest in the UK
(412 5 ), France (411), and Spain (91). Most arrests (705 out of 791) were
related to jihadist terrorism.
With regard to Romania, it has been used mostly as a transit area or secondary route for FTFs (foreign terrorist fighters) travelling to and from Iraq and Syria (albeit that they noted the descending trend as with the rest of Europe). Related to migration as a risk factor, Romania reported that the activities which facilitate (illegal) migration from the conflict areas do not appear to have ties to terrorist organisations, and are mainly financially motivated.
More information please see the full report.